The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) recently issued two rulings that tighten up two controversial decisions issued during the Obama administration.
The rulings affect the NLRB’s independent contractor standard and what type of workplace behavior constitutes a protected action under the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA).
Ruling No. 1: Independent contractor standard expanded
The independent contractor case, SuperShuttle DFW Inc. involved shuttle-van-driver franchisees of SuperShuttle at Dallas-Fort Worth Airport.
The Board concluded that the franchisees weren’t employees under the NLRA but rather independent contractors excluded from the Act’s coverage.
Their rationale? The Board found that the franchisees’ leasing or ownership of their work vans,
Other key factors were the absence of supervision and the fact that the drivers didn’t share any ride fares with the company.
Key takeaway: The action overrules a 2014 NLRB decision that downplayed the importance of economic opportunity in determining a worker’s status as an independent contractor.
Ruling No. 2: Personal gripes don’t cut it
The other case narrowed the standard for what constitutes “protected activity” in a group setting.
In Alstate Maintenance LLC, a manager approached a group of baggage handlers at an airport and asked if they’d help unload the equipment of an arriving soccer team.
One of the baggage handlers said they’d done a similar job a year before and hadn’t received a tip. So when the equipment arrived, the baggage handlers walked away.
The employee who complained about the previous lack of a tip was fired. He responded by filing a complaint alleging that his firing was based on his complaining about the lack of a tip – which, he alleged, was “protected activity.”
But the Board didn’t agree. To be protected activity, an individual’s statement must concern a genuine workplace issue. Personal gripes don’t count.
Key takeaway: The decision overturns a 2011 ruling that any protest voiced at a group meeting is protected activity.
Bottom line? Both decisions are good for employers, clearing up some of the confusion of the Obama NLRB.