Let’s set the scene for a recent lawsuit: A male worker exposed himself to a female co-worker and showed her explicit pictures of himself. Then, word spread about the incident in the workplace. Sounds like a slam-dunk sexual harassment lawsuit, right?
Not so fast. A U.S. district court in Mississippi ruled in favor of the employer.
It ruled the female worker, Joselyn Davenport, didn’t state a valid sexual harassment claim in her lawsuit. So her suit got tossed.
Here’s how the employer, Nissan North America Inc. was able to prevail despite the lewd acts of one of its employees.
Exposure, elicit photos
It all started when Davenport was assigned to work as a production associate at a Canton Mississippi plant owned by the automotive manufacturer. She worked on an assembly line installing brakes. The assembly line leader was Fred Tate. They were both supervised by Aaron Rodgers (and, no, not this Aaron Rodgers).
Tate exposed his genitals to Davenport at work one day. Davenport then informed a co-worker of the incident, but she didn’t report the incident to Rodgers or any other supervisor.
A couple of months later, Davenport spoke about the incident to another co-worker, who then reported the incident to HR.
During the ensuing investigation, Davenport revealed that Tate had also shown her explicit photographs of himself and made sexual references to her.
Following the investigation, Davenport was transferred to another workstation. She then immediately resigned. She claimed that Tate “glared at her,” which made her quit.
Shortly thereafter, she filed a sexual harassment lawsuit against Nissan and claimed the company made her work in a hostile work environment.
Why the employer won
Nissan moved for summary judgment in an attempt to get Davenport’s lawsuit dismissed. Nissan prevailed as the court tossed her lawsuit, ruling she failed to establish a “prima facie” case that Tate’s behavior was severe enough to alter the conditions of her work.
Nissan had a few things in its corner:
- Davenport didn’t report the incident to the company right away. The court said her initial reaction in telling her co-workers rather than a supervisor implied that she didn’t view Tate’s behavior as very reprehensible or serious.
- Tate wasn’t Davenport’s direct supervisor. As a result, Davenport wouldn’t have had to take her complaints directly to Tate, but rather to Rodgers. Tate had no authority to fire or discipline her. Therefore, no impediments existed that should’ve prevented Davenport from reporting the incident.
- The company promptly investigated the incident and moved Davenport to a new workstation so she wouldn’t be near Tate.
As a result, the court felt Nissan acted reasonably in trying to prevent a hostile work environment, and Davenport didn’t use all of the remedies available to her if she truly felt she was being harassed.
Cite: Davenport v. Nissan North America Inc.